According to psychosocial theory, we experience eight stages of development over our lifespan, from infancy through late adulthood. At each stage there is a conflict, or task, that we need to resolve. Successful completion of each developmental task results in a sense of competence and a healthy personality. Roger Gould's () theory charts inner stages of consciousness in which the adult gives up various illusions and myths held over from childhood. Gould sees this process as freeing oneself from childhood restraints and establishing a sense of personal identity.
theories of adult development had a powerful appeal as a way of inte-grating such diverse material: Predictable changes in personality might prepare the individual for the social transitions and economic changes of adult life. All these intellectual developments were consistent with the zeit-geist. The s had focused on children; the s. The theory of emerging adulthood proposes that a new life stage has arisen between adolescence and young adulthood over the past half-century in industrialized countries. Fifty years ago, most young people in these countries had entered stable adult roles in love and work by their late teens or early twenties.
Jun 12, · Psychologist Daniel Levinson developed a comprehensive theory of adult development, referred to as the Seasons of Life theory, which identified stages and growth that occur well into the adult. Mar 28, · Early adulthood is from 20 to 40 years old, and practical thought dominates the intellect at this point. A need for achievement and affiliation are also prominent in early adults. Middle age is from 40 to 65 years old, and it brings greater cognitive awareness and stabilization of personality traits. Ages 65 years and up is the older age stage.
From a lifespan developmental perspective, growth and development do not stop in childhood or adolescence; they continue throughout adulthood. In this section we will build on Erikson’s psychosocial stages, then be introduced to theories about transitions . Levinson et al. ( as cited in McIlveen and Gross p) devised a life structure theory consisting of 4 phases, or ‘eras’ each lasting about 5 years. Each era overlaps the next, forming the end of the previous era. These phases are pre-adulthood (yrs), middle adulthood (yrs) and late adulthood (60 onwards).